Disclaimer


Site last updated: 1 November 2018. Periodic updates are made - This site is for historical purposes only and I have no political agenda or views. This blog is a personal hobby and while I endeavour to provide information as accurately as possible, it may be difficult due to the sometimes controversial nature of the artefact, or that little documented history is known. Like most collectibles, the decision about a piece still ultimately rests with you. All photos unless stated belong to the owner and permission must be sought in writing before use. Email us at: coburgbadge@gmail.com

Monday, 22 April 2019

Illustrierter Beobachter (Illustrated Observer) for Ortsgruppe Coburg

Illustrierter Beobachter was an illustrated propaganda magazine which the German Nazi Party published. It was in publication during the period from 1926 to 1945 and the publishing house was based in Munich. This hardcover binder is believed to be used for magazines related to the NSDAP group in Coburg, or known as the Nazi Party Branch Office (Ortsgruppe Coburg). This binder seems to be well worn with a spine that has been opened many times. It has a nice patinated reinforced metal corners, and the front and back covers have separate metal studs although it is not known what the purpose was. Research is still being done on this recently acquired item that came directly from Coburg. If you have a similar binder from Coburg, get in touch with us.

Thursday, 11 April 2019

Grouping of the Year?


It is of extreme rarity that you see a group being attributed to a Coburg Badge bearer. This group has been offered on the market by a German dealer, from the estate of Nikolaus Hofmann. Research showed that he was born in 18 January 1900 from Upper Franconia in the rural town of Michelau (today a municipality in the district of Lichtenfels in Bavaria in Germany). Nikolaus had served for 18 years during the First World War in the 7th Infantry Regiment. When war broke out again, he joined the Nazi Party, being assigned to 1.Komp.Pi.-Btl.231 (1st Company, 231 Battalion) and after being injured was re-assigned to Pi.188, and finally discharged from service on 23 August 1940 due to his contacts in the Nazi Party and illness. Included in this grouping include badges such as the first pattern Coburg Badge (it has a replaced pin), a large Golden Party Badge with the number 95657, the Gauehrenzeichen 1923 in 800 silver, an NSDAP Long Service Award in Bronze, the Commemorative / Festival Badge for 1933 in memory of 9 November 1923, a War Merit Cross 2nd Class 1939 without Swords, a Black Wound Badge, Honor Cross for veterans, a Saar Rally Badge, a Luipold Cross, a Sleeve Triangle for the South Bayren of Ostmark, a Hitler Jugend Badge in Cloth and many other documents. In particular, this group also came with two NSDAP 1937 Coburg commemorative plates each in the original box, showing the front written with Gautreffen der Altern Garde der Bayerischen Ostmark in Coburg 1937, indicating a recognition of being an Old Guard of the Nazi Party. The plates were made by the manufacturer Roesler and comes with the original strings for mounting. Could this be the holy grail of all Coburg Groupings? Uber Rare!

A Rare Set of Coburg Badge and Stick-Pin


A rare set of first pattern Coburg Badge, together with a miniature stickpin has been offered on the market by a British dealer. Along with it comes with a period press release photograph of the 10th anniversary celebratory images. It is rare to see such a set being sold together, although unlikely it could still have been put together (or not). Nonetheless, nice to see more of these badges surfacing and being appreciated. It could be likely that the set is the same one (with a different postcard) in the post made in December 2017.

A Missed Opportunity

 
Rarely a die-hard collector ever leaves his PC. The die-hard collector faithfully trawls through the shops and flea markets every day just to search for pieces to add to his collection. A Coburg Badge and other pieces were sold recently in March 2019 in an auction house, which the Blood Order, Coburg Badge and the Golden Party Badge were advertised as post-war (meaning all 3 pieces were believed by the auction house to be reproductions). The Blood Order certainly would be a reproduction, but the Coburg Badge itself was real. In the end, the entire lot was sold for about US$4,000, and if you add a 25% commission plus other associated fees, a circa US$4250 lot with a 2nd pattern genuine Coburg Badge would be a steal. Also in March 2019, a german dealer sold the 2nd pattern Coburg Badge for 10,000 euros (USD$11,250), you'll realise that this lot could have been sold for far much more. As they say in the collecting world, you snooze, you lose!

Buyer Beware: Learning about the Repros


As the Coburg Badge becomes more recognised within the collector community, inevitably more reproductions will surface in the collectors' market. Some reproductions are low quality ones such as the above which through properly learning, can help genuine collectors distinguish the good from the bad. Certainly this blog will not reveal all the features, as otherwise the bad guys will learn and improve. However, at a quick glance, we can easily see that some details are just wrong. One thing to remember is that a badge can have crisp detail but yet having sharp details does not necessarily mean it is a good badge. Likewise, poor detail through corrosion or poor storage can cause features to deteriorate. For the above badge, it was sold as a reproduction, so no harm was done. Can you identify the poor features shown in the above badge? One clue is the blob of metal above the T in the "MIT" - it shouldn't be there... Part of the fun (and knowledge) is to study the badge, as much as its history behind it.

Sunday, 28 October 2018

Buyer Beware - Reproduction Coburg Badges

 
Collecting Coburg Badges can be a minefield to inexperienced collectors, but through studying photographs and handling real pieces, the details in fakes appear more obvious. The image above shows a series of photographs containing verified reproductions, which have been discussed by other collectors and on certain forums. While some of the above fakes are much easier to tell, there are more dangerous pieces that have finer details being replicated. The Coburg Badge website offers owners and buyers advice before making their purchase. In time to come, other Coburg-related items will also be copied, including stickpins, certificates, boxes, plates and so on. Remember as the saying goes, buy the badge and not the story.

Sunday, 30 September 2018

Mit Hitler in Coburg Commemorative Plaque

 
This plaque was issued in 1942 to commemorate the Mit Hitler in Coburg event. These plaques would have been given during the event to possibly dignitaries. The 1942 plaque was made out of terracotta and a few survived. This particular piece surfaced at one of the American collector fairs in September 2018 and even more unusual was that it came with its original cardboard box and the card. Image credit: Gary B. / WAF

Saturday, 30 December 2017

A Debate Surrounding the Coburg Badge

   
One of the Coburg Badges being debated in the collector's world today is this badge pictured above. It is believed that the badge above belongs to C. Alisby. It is rumoured that it belonged to Martin Bormann who was a prominent official in Nazi Germany as head of the Nazi Party Chancellery. He gained immense power by using his position as Adolf Hitler's private secretary to control the flow of information and access to Hitler. He had final approval over civil service appointments, reviewed and approved legislation, and by 1943 had de facto control over all domestic matters. In 1927, Bormann joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). His membership number was 60,508. He joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) on 1 January 1937 with number 278,267. By special order of Heinrich Himmler in 1938, Bormann was granted SS number 555 to reflect his Alter Kämpfer (Old Fighter) status. No one really knows more about this badge except the fact that some collectors think that two have been specially made but only the above is known to exist. Looking at the close up photographs being produced, some of the details do not conform to the standard design as seen on a textbook Coburg Badge. So whether this is a genuine piece (a private purchase or a prestigious honour award) or a post-war fantasy piece, no one really knows. Stick to a standard Coburg Badge and you'll be alright. Image credit: WAF

Tuesday, 26 December 2017

Coburg Badges with Provenance

  
Provenance - What is it? In the collecting world, the term "Provenance" is sometimes used to widely describe a record of ownership of the badge (or item), and used as a guide to authenticity or quality. A badge that has provenance, attributed to a high ranking official or a well known figure, can fetch a higher amount and has higher desirability. Such attribution can sometimes come in the form of a signed document by a vet, a family member, through photographs or any other evidence. Proving the autheticity of the attribution is also sometimes difficult and can be faked. The two Coburg badges have some sort of attribution, herein the one on the left is attributed to Karl Schegk, with provenance coming from the Brown House which was the Headquarters of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The badge on the left does not have any provenance per se, but has been attributed to Ludwig Schmied. The bottom line is that all Coburg badges are not numbered and therefore cannot be traced back to the recepient, so when buying the badges, think whether you need that level of provenance or attribution, and if that source can be trusted.

Friday, 22 December 2017

Martin Mutschmann


Martin Mutschmann (9 March 1879 – 14 February 1947) was the Nazi Regional Leader (Gauleiter) of the state of Saxony (Gau Saxony) during the time of the Third Reich. Mutschmann was nominated Gauleiter of Saxony in 1925. He maintained this position until the end of World War II. Generally his political activity concentrated on Saxony rather than on Germany as a whole. Mutschmann was passionately interested in the preservation of Saxon arts and crafts. Mutschmann was sentenced to death in Moscow and shot on February 14, 1947.

Hans Zöberlein


In 1922/1923 SA-Brigadeführer Hans Zöberlein led a Hundertschaft in the Munich SA. In 1923, and again from 1925 to January 1927 he led the Sektion Au-Giesing of the local NSDAP in Munich. From December 1926 to January 1928 he was the Führer of the Sturm 2 (later renumbered Sturm V) of the Munich SA-Standarte. In early January 1928 Zöberlein succeeded Georg Seidenschwang as Führer of the SA-Standarte I in Munich, a command he retained into 1930 (he held command even when the Munich SA was divided and a second Standarte established in early 1929, under the overall command of the new SA-Brigadeführer I Wilhelm Helfer). In 1931 and 1932 he served in the Oberste SA-Führung heading Abteilungen Ib and IIb. More information regarding his intense political activity during the period can be found in the book “Die Münchner NSDAP 1925-1933” by Mathias Rösch. Credit: Ignacio, Axis History

Saturday, 16 December 2017

Coburg Badge Mini Stickpin - Close-up Images


These close-up images come from a collector (Gary) of which the photographs show an extremely well detailed rendering of the Coburg Badge being miniaturised as a stickpin.



The photographs above from collector Hakan shows the reverse and comparing the mini stickpin with the 1933 and 1929 Reichsparteitag badges to scale. Unfortunately Hakan has now sold his stickpin. These change hands very quickly. Also the stickpin is unmarked and the knurling effect on the pin has been skillfully made.


The above stickpin was sold a while ago by an Canadian dealer of which the full frontal view shows the cut-out. It is believed that the cut-out was done manually, similar to the full-sized badge, henceforth you will notice that the outline of the cut-out will not be the same for every badge.


A UK-based collector has displayed his miniature badge along-side with the Coburger Abzeichen (the Coburg Badge) with the background showing a commemorative postcard. We have also been lucky to acquire such a postcard. Paper-based items related to Coburg have been rare.



A larger closeup images of the Coburg stickpin taken by a UK-based collector, Jon that once again shows the crisp details of the stickpin. Reproductions of these stickpins are known to exist, so be very careful. They are not difficult to fake but by studying the details well, you will be able to tell signs that do not comform to these textbook pieces. Happy hunting!
 

Coburg Badge Mini Stickpin

 
One of the great unknowns about the Coburg Badge is the Mini Stickpin that has surfaced in the recent years. There have been some collectors who have acquired such stickpins, usually measuring about a fifth in size when compared to the full badge. As we can see from the Fritz Eitel's grouping, there is indeed a miniature Coburg Badge presented within his photo frame dated 1933 which is also decorated with a party eagle on the above. Below shows a close up of the miniature with some details intentionally omitted. The details shown in the miniature is very good, with crisp lettering. From author's collection.
 

Saturday, 5 August 2017

Yet Another Second Pattern Appears ...


Another second pattern has surfaced, this time from an American collector who claimed that he purchase a large lot of NSDAP items that was brought back by an American World War Two veteran. The lot included about thirty items, including this remarkable Coburg Badge. This badge shows a broad pin set up, typical of second pattern pieces. If you look carefully, the RZM marking appears on the Seven O'clock position, rather than in the centre when compared to the previous post. Some second pattern pieces also exhibit an interesting "fingerprint" texture on the reverse which may be due to the manufacturing process of sanding down or removing excess material through a machining process. it is said that the edges were filed down by hand, which meant that no two badges have an outline that is exactly identical, so don't worry if one of your towers appear smaller than another piece.

Saturday, 22 July 2017

Another Second Pattern Surfaces


Another second pattern Coburg badge with a clear RZM marking on the reverse appeared earlier this month in July at an auction. The starting price was 3000 euros, eventually ending with a hammer price and auction fee of about 8300 euros. This is a nice second pattern badge with all textbook features and a lovely brass hue to it. There are two variations of second pattern badges with one having the 189 maker mark and the other with an RZM mark on the reverse.

Sunday, 25 June 2017

Fritz Eitel's Grouping


Fritz Eitel's grouping remains one of the best and most complete set of medals and documents related to the trio of esteemed badges - The Coburg Badge, The Blood Order, and the Golden Party Badge. We reported in March 2016 about the Coburg Badge group which comprise of photographs and documents. It seems that more of Eitel's stuff have surfaced, of which the Blood Order and Golden Party badge were split and sold by another dealer. It is also said that a  beer stein dedicated to Eitel was also split and sold separately. The beer stein was sold with a hammer price of US$1400 in August 2016 and now for sale elsewhere for US$2500!


Interesting Coburg Plate - Erich Probst


This unusual Coburg Badge related plate recently surfaced in a small German auction house and was sold with a hammer price of 260 euros. It was said to be made by Hutschenreuther Selb Bavaria Germany. The plate measures 23.5cm. It is still not known about the association of Erich Probst with this plate. It has an unsual colour scheme with this colour combination never seen in association with Coburg related memorabilia except for the lead window.

First Pattern Coburg Badge

This first pattern Coburg Badge recently surfaced in January this year and exhibits most features that you would see in a first pattern piece, including the very thin pin. No reverse photos are available. Some details on the top including those of the castle are faint but this could be due to the quality of the photograph. Still a nice badge altogether.

Second Pattern Coburg Badge


Here's another second pattern of the Coburg Badge which surfaced in 2011 and was sold by a German dealer. Not the wider than usual pin on the reverse which is different from the usual replacement being used. This wider pin also has a blunt tip and with a nice line in the centre of the pin. The rest of the features are textbook. Courtesy of der-hase-fee.

Sunday, 25 December 2016

Silver Plated Anniversary Plate


This unusual silver plated Coburg Anniversary Plate surfaced on an American dealers website which has since been sold. This is an unusual plate which might have been sold at the anniversay event. There is no inscription or maker stamp on the front or reverse. There have been instances that collectors have been fooled where old silverwares have been re-used and re-engraved. For this particular piece, as no on hand inspection was carried out, it is hard to ascertain its authenticity, but otherwise a lovely plate. For beginners, stick to textbook examples such as a first pattern Coburg badge, study it carefully before moving on to commemorative pieces.

Second Pattern Coburg on the Market


Rarely do we encounter a second pattern RZM 189 marked Coburg Badge on the market. This comes from a German Dealer and available at around 9000 euros (December 2016). I have no affliation with any dealers and is meant to indicate today's rising prices for the badge. The above badge was recorded to be in existence about a year ago from forum member Dirik.

Sunday, 20 March 2016

Fantastic Group of Coburg Badge as a Set

 
This is a fantastic group that was sold only recently in March 2016 shows that sets such as these can sometimes surface from time to time. Thank you for the colleague who informed me about this set as we can see the documents that accompanied the Coburg Badge. Sets such as this mean solid provenance for such a badge and an extremely rare encounter. You can see from the pin set up that the holder clearly treasured the badge and had these repaired to be worn again. Replaced pin plates are common in the Coburg Badges that you may encounter and do not detract the historical value of these artefacts.

Commemorative Plaque for the Battle of Coburg

Another contribution from fellow collector E.S., this plaque commemorates the Battle of Coburg. Another example was offered by a German dealer some years ago but it had a hair line crack and I passed on it. These were fragile and not many survive today. This particular piece is in a very nice condition.

Christmas Card from the Kreisleiter of Coburg


A Christmas Card sent by the Kreisleiter of Coburg. Very seldom seen and a one of a kind piece. These documents are difficult to locate because they are usually discarded. This piece belongs to fellow collector E.S. who is recognised as one of the leading figures of political militaria. Thank you for the contribution. 

Saturday, 19 March 2016

Example of a First Pattern Coburg Badge

 
A first pattern Coburg Badge from private Dutch collector, Martin V. Lovely pin set up, original as it can ever be.

How much was the Coburg Badge sold at its time?


A second pattern Coburg Badge with a crisp RZM mark on the reverse with a solid pin set up. This was offered by a German dealer and has since been sold to a private collector. What is interesting is that there is a faint marking on the reverse in ink, indicating 3,60RM or 3.60 Reichsmarks. The Reichsmark was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 and in Austria from 1938 to 1945. The Reichsmark was subdivided into 100 Reichspfennig. The Mark is an ancient Germanic weight measure, traditionally a half pound, later used for several coins. From 1871 to 1918 Germany was called the Kaiserreich or the Deutsches Reich. Although Germany became a republic in 1919, the term "Reich" remained part of the country's official name. We can fairly say that it is highly likely that the second pattern was sold for 3.60 Reichsmarks at that time from this badge.

Hitler's Coburg Badge? Proven provenance or not?

It is believed that this particular Coburg Badge came from Anny Brunner-Winter who was Hitler's housekeeper in his Munich flat at Prinzregentenplatz 16 from 1929 to 1945, stating that the badge originated from Hitler's personal possessions. The written statement and the badge was sold at a past auction house for 7,200 euros. Collectors should be aware that while water-tight and solid provenance provides added historical significance, at times loose documents should be taken with a pinch of salt. It is the author's belief that although the needle system for this badge is intact, it is actually a replacement as these were extremely fragile.

First Pattern Attributed to Ludwig Schmied

 
A first pattern Coburg Badge attributed to Ludwig Schmied, offered by an auction house which was sold for 7800 euros plus commission fees. The starting bid was 2,500 euros. These badges have seen prices increase steadily as the collector market recognises the importance of these first pattern pieces as only 436 were ever issued. Only a very small number are known to survive today. This particular badge comes with a post-war collector's box labelled with Ludwig Schmied which is recognised as one of the original recepients of this coveted badge. The pin set up in this piece is original and particularly fragile.

History of the NSDAP in Northern Bavaria

The history of the NSDAP in Northern Bavaria is closely related to "March to Coburg" in October 1922. As Gauleiter of the Deutsch-Völkische Schutzbund Hans Dietrich had invited the NSDAP to attend the "German Day" in Coburg under the condition that Hitler appeared in person. Coburg subsequently became a bastion of National Socialism: it was the first German city in which the NSDAP won absolute majority in the city council elections in 1929 and which granted Hitler honorary citizenship in 1932. In commemoration of the "March to Coburg" Hitler introduced the Coburg badge of honour in 1932, one of the highest distinctions awarded to party members.

First Pattern Attributed to Karl Ostberg


Born 4 March, 1890 in Buchloe, the future SS-Standartenführer Karl Ostberg was Hitler's first companion and adherent (NSDAP admittance 1 March 1920, old number 1035). He and Hitler together were despatch runners in 1. Kompanie, Royal Bavarian 16th Reserve Infantry Regiment "List", and he received the Iron Cross as well as the Military Merit Cross 2nd Class with Swords. As a former police constable, he was also one of the forces behind the formation of the Schutzstaffel (SS number 1315, admittance 9 February 1929) in Munich. Following his death on 29 May 1935, Hitler attended his funeral at the Munich Westfriedhof. An historically important group of decorations including the Blood Order (no. 1408), Golden Party Badge (no. 10166) and other parteitags from the early period of the NSDAP offered in an auction and sold for 15,000 euros in 2013.

First Pattern Coburg Badge Set


A first pattern Coburg Badge and the set sold for 11,500 euros, believed to come from the estate of Fritz Seidel. According to a colleague, Friedrich ("Fritz") Seidel was an Old Fighter who joint the newly found party in April 1925 with a 3 digit party number. The Alten Garde (or Old Guards) badge (Tag) for the district of Spandau (as above) is particularly beautiful.

A Souval Reproduction


This is an attempt to reproduce the Coburg Badge and although unverified, it is believed to be made by Souval. Take note that the outer areas of the Swastika were filled in this reproduction and the ovalish perimeter has been badly encircled, being not a perfect oval. On the reverse, the pin system is incorrect and the back is wrong. The firm of Rudolf Souval of Vienna made medals and badges during the Third Reich,but after the war continued to produce their products and ceased trading in the mid Seventies. The original Coburg Badges were made by the firm Deschler and Sohn. Image courtesy of Bob Hunter, GMIC.

Example of a Second Pattern Coburg Badge


An example of a Second Pattern Coburg Badge that was recently offered on the market by a German dealer. Note the RZM marking on the reverse and a thicker pin system. There are many fakes out there and worth studying the details of the badge. This is a nice second pattern although the strike has less crisp details than those encountered on first patterns. It is believed that this would be manufactured in later runs although it is not certain who really produced them. These second patterns are still far more common than the first pattern pieces which are very rare.

Commemorative Stained Glass


A one of a kind commemorative stained glass was sold at an American auction house for US$6,750.00 plus consignment fees a few years ago in 2013 and now believed to be in a private collection. I had the opportunity to purchase this piece but unfortunate its size would have meant the requirement for a large display area. Beneath the painted inscription reads "PRESENTED BY THE PRINCIPAL MAYOR OF THE CITY OF COBURG 15.X.1940". A very carefully constructed piece, believed to be from the estate of FRITZ WACHTLER (1891-1945), Gauleiter of Bayreuth and an SS-Gruppenfuhrer.

Sunday, 6 March 2016

Holders of the Golden Party Badge, the Blood Order and the Coburg Badge


Forum member, J Temple West produced a documented list of recepients who were members of the SS that held the Golden Party Badge, Blood Order and Coburg Badge. Scouring through 432 pages of the 1938/39 edition of the Dienstaltersliste der Schutzstaffel der NSDAP list (DAL), only a handful were holders of the top three badges. Extremely low numbers when there are approximately 14000 members of the SS mentioned in this particular edition of the DAL list. There are only 450 known Coburg badge recepients and only 18 had all three badges. The image above shows members of SS Div Wiking, one of which is wearing the CB.

Name..................Party Number / SS Number
Buch, Walter............... 7733 / 81353
Amann, Max................. 3 / 53143
Graf, Ulrich............... 8 / 26
Maurice, Emil.............. 39 / 2
Füss, Simon................ 72008 / 1700
Eggerdinger, Max........... 14463 / 280332
Grimminger, Jakob..........
759 / 135
Hirschberg, Paul........... 907 / 99829
Kellner, Karl.............. 45052 / 2636
Göbel, Paul................ 14302 / 712
Remmel, Karl............... 14254 / 289218
Six, Franz................. 49241 / 1676
Von Sperl, Theodor......... 3536 / 89142
Steinbeisser, Otto......... 10041 / 2854
Wittmann, Karl............. 89036 / 8479
Larché, Erich.............. 260 / 3031
Bäumer, Johann............. 11554 / 5632
Pertl, Josef............... 25015 / 55332


Following the above list, a colleague, Br. J. contacted me to provide further information. According to his list, the following persons held all three of the major awards. There is still the question of whether Hermann Esser received the Coburg Badge, although he certainly received the Golden Party Badge and the Blood Order. There may have been other recipients of all three awards who are not on the list below and some of the people below are also SS members as the above list from J Temple West.

Schwarz, Franz Xaver
Weber, Christian
Hess, Rudolf
Streicher, Julius
Rosenberg, Alfred
Eggers, Karl
Baur, Wilhelm
Schreck, Julius
Singer, Johann
Schaub, Julius
Danner, Franz
Eberhart, Adolf
Staudhammer, Karl
Neff, Oskar
Fuchs, Franz Xaver
Zöberlein, Hans
Röhrl, Hans
Bennecke, Dr. Heinrich
Berger, Emil
Ostberg, Karl
Schuster, josef
Lenz, Hans
Huber, Josef
Stahl, Fritz
Hofmann, Arthur
Balthasar, Josef
Lahr, Oskar
Klein, Emil
Müller, Alfred
Eitel, Fritz
Walter, Karl
Schneider, Heinrich 


Sunday, 8 November 2015

Example of a First Pattern Coburg Badge

Example of a First Pattern Coburg Badge. Image courtesy of Mijke.

The March to Coburg

"Folkish" associations planned to hold a so-called "German Day" in Coburg. I myself received an invitation to it, remarking that it would be desirable for me to bring an escort. This request, which I received at 11 o'clock in the morning, came very opportunely. An hour later the arrangements for attending this "German Day" had been issued. As an "escort" I appointed 800 men of the SA. We arranged to transport them in pproximately 14 companies by special train to the little city that had become [part of the state of Bavaria]. Similar orders went out to National Socialist SA groups which had meanwhile been formed in other places. It was the first time that such a special train was used in Germany. At all towns where new SA men got on, the transport aroused much attention. Many people had never seen our flags before; the impression they made was very great.

When we arrived at the Coburg station, we were received by a delegation of organizers of the "German Day," which conveyed to us an order from the local trade unions—in other words from the [Marxist] Independent and Communist Party—to the effect that we were forbidden to enter the town with flags unfurled, or with music (we had taken along a 42-piece band of our own), or to march in a solid column. I at once flatly rejected these disgraceful conditions and did not fail to express to the gentlement present, the organizers of this congress, my surprise that they had carried on negotiations with these people and entered into agreements. I declared that the SA would immediately line up in companies and march into the city with resounding music and flags flying.


And that is just what happened -
On the square in front of the railroad station we were received by a howling,shrieking mob numbering thousands. "Murders," "bandits," "robbers," "criminals," were the lovely names which the model founders of the German Republic affectionately showered on us. The young SA kept exemplary order. The companies formed on the square in front of the station, and at first took no notice of the vulgar abuse.

In the city that was strange to all of us, frightened police officials led the marching column, not—as arranged—to our quarters, a shooting gallery situated on the outskirts of Coburg, but to the Hofbräuhauskeller, near the center of the city. To left and right of the procession, the uproar of the masses of people accompanying us increased more and more. Hardly had the last company turned into the courtyard of the Keller than great masses, amid deafening cries, tried to crowd in after us. To prevent this, the police locked the Keller. Since this state of affairs was intolerable, I had the SA line up once again, gave them a brief speech of admonition, and demanded that the police open the gates immediately. After a long hesitation, they yielded.

 
To get to our quarters, we marched back the way we had come, and now at last a stand had to be taken. After they had been unable to disturb the poise of our companies by cries and insults, the representatives of true socialism, equality and fraternity had recourse to stones. At this our patience was at an end, and so for 10 whole minutes a devastating hail fell from left and right—and a quarter of an hour later, there was
nothing red to be seen in the streets.


In the evening there were serious clashes again. Some National Socialists had been assaulted singly, and patrols of the SA found them in a terrible condition. Thereupon we made short shrift of our foes. By next morning the Red terror, under which Coburg had suffered for years, had been broken.
With real Marxist-Jewish lies they now attempted to harry the "comrades of the international proletariat" back into the streets, by totally twisting the facts and maintaining that our "bands of murderers" had begun a "war of extermination against peaceful workers" in Coburg. The great "demonstration of the people"— which it was hoped, tens of thousands of workers from the whole vicinity would attend—was set for half-past one. Therefore, firmly resolved to dispose of the Red terror for good, I ordered the SA—which had meanwhile swollen to nearly one and a half thousand men—to line up, and set out with them on the march for the Coburg Fortress, by way of the great square on which the Red demonstration was to take place. I wanted to see whether they would dare molest us again.

When we entered the square, only a few hundred were present, instead of the announced 10,000, and at our approach they kept generally quiet, and some ran away. Only at a few points did Red troops—who had meanwhile come from the outside and who did not yet know us—try to pester us again. But in the twinkling of an eye, all their enthusiasm was spoiled. And now it could be seen how the frightened and intimidated population slowly woke up and took courage and ventured to shout greetings to us, and in the evening, as we were marching off, broke into spontaneous cheering in many places.
At the station the railroad men suddenly informed us that they would not run the train. Thereupon I notifed a few of the ringleaders that in that case I planned to round up whatever Red bosses fell into my hands, and that we ould run the train ourselves. We would, however, take along a few dozen of the brother of international solidarity on the locomotive and tender and in every car. Nor did I fail to call it to the gentlemen's attention that the trip with our own forces would, of course, be an extremely risky undertaking and that it could not be ruled out that the whole lot of us would break our necks and bones. But anyway, in that case, we would be delighted to leave for the Hereafter, not alone, but in equality and fraternity with the Red gentlemen. Thereupon the train departed with the utmost punctuality, and we were back in Munich safe and sound the following morning.

Thus, for the first time since 1914, the equality of citizens before the law was re-established in Cobur. For if today some simpleton of a higher official ventures the assertion that the state protects the lives of its citizens, this was certainly to the case at that time; for at that time the citizens had to defend themselves against the representatives of the present-day state. From Mein Kampf, pp. 548-551, Houghton Mifflin edition*

Martin Mutschmann

Martin Mutschmann (9 March 1879 – 14 February 1947) was the Regional Leader (Gauleiter) of the state of Saxony (Gau Sachsen) during the time of the Third Reich. Mutschmann was nominated Gauleiter of Saxony in 1925. He maintained this position until the end of World War II. Generally his political activity concentrated on Saxony rather than on Germany as a whole. On 30 January 1933, after the Nazis came to power, Mutschmann was appointed Nazi Governor (Reichsstatthalter) of Saxony. Mutschmann was sentenced to death in Moscow and shot on February 14, 1947.

Mit Hitler in Coburg - A First Hand Account

We were 700 men that left from Munich in an special party train. I was jobless and I did not have any money. But I scratched my own missery suffering a week of hunger and many other privations to pay for my ticket and be present, together with the rest of my Kameraden in the "German Day" that was going to be celebrated in Coburg on the 14th and 15th of October of 1922.

Our presence at the train platforms and stations was a surprise to the other passengers. The flag with the "Hakenkreuz" was, in those days, compleately unknown to the greater public.
We party men and the SA arrived to Coburg along with our own music band. The police spoke with the Fuhrer. The marxist and bolchevik trade unions want to prevent that we march in formation, with our flags deploy at the beat of our music band.

However the Fuhrer gives the order to the SA to deploy in parade formation and that our musical instruments start playing. Like that ,we passed through a mob of reds, speachless watching us march. Then they reacted, with insults and trheats. The police redirect our group inside a house, but our Fuhrer gives the order to face the red mob. Only at the beat of the drum! And in this manner we left the Hofbrauhauskeller recieving a rain of rocks. Our only weapons were our fist and our valor, with them we cleared the streets of thousands of communists. Later the Fuhrer spoke. Awakening the interest of all of us presents at the rally. The same way that he was in command at the fight outside the Hofbrauhauskeller, he also commanded all the night fighting against the red front. And like us he sleep on the hay when the fighting was over.

The next day Coburg is gleaming and its inhabitants , can after all this years feel free. "The reds had been wipe out by Hitler and his men!" "Finally we can live in peace with out their nasty attitude and tiranny!" Statements like these are being shouted by young and old, women, men, workers, merchants, and civil servants. All of then join us in our march with delirious enthusiasm. Imperial flags again are hanging on the windows and terraces . Germany awakes! 

We arrived at the town square were the comune is trying to congregate 10,000 "proletarians", but they are less than 100 and they look afraid and broken. In a pathetic attent , the marxist threaten the railroad workers so that our train will not be able to leave Coburg. The Fuhrer makes an announcement. If our train does not leave at the schedule hour, the SA will go and seek all the red leaders. In ten minutes our train was rolling. We returned to Munich , full of bruises, sleepy and tired but victorious. With our lost voices we sang our songs with our hands on the shoulder of the Kamerad next to us and under the attent eyes of the fuhrer.

10 years later I was awarded. like the rest of our Kameraden present on that day, the Medal of Coburg. In peace and in war, over brown and feldgrau, proudly was displayed on my chest.


Today, May 1945, I am at a prisioner camp along with tens of thounsand of other Kameraden. Like many, I am suffering of dyssentery and we are crowded behind the barbed wire. We do not have any personnal space not even to go to the restroom.
This morning a Yank soldier, noticed my Medal of Coburg. The jailer is curious about the rare medal. He has offer me a loaf of bread, a whole weeks ration, and a preferential space to use the letrines in exchange for my medal for his collection. I have refused.... I will die with my Medal of Coburg. From an extract of a book on the Battle of Coburg, courtesy of Erich S.

Karl Wörlein - SS Hauptsturmführer

SS Hauptsturmführer Karl Wörlein, born on 19 April 1906 was only 16 when he took part in the Putsch as a member of the  SA München Regiment. He held the Blood Order No.550, the Coburg Badge, the Sports Badge. His SS number was 107.207. He also held an Honorary Golden Party Badge, number 786.883

Sunday, 1 November 2015

Otto Hellmuth

Otto Hellmuth (July 22, 1896 – April 20, 1968) was a member of the Nazi Party. Born at Markt Einersheim, he was Gauleiter of the German region of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) from 1928 to 1945. His home and office were in Würzburg, the capital of the Gau Mainfranken. By 1935, Hellmuth had his Gau renamed as Mainfranken. After World War II, the region's original name was reinstated. He entered service as a Kriegsfreiwilliger, assigned successively to 9. Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment, 4. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment, and 8. Landwehr-Infanterie-Regiment. He was wounded in action four times during World War I. He returned to Germany in October, 1918 after being severely gassed.

In 1928, Hellmuth became Gauleiter of Lower Franconia. Three weeks before the first nationwide anti-Jewish boycott began in 1933, Hellmuth already forced the closing of Jewish-owned stores and offices in Würzburg. As a private residence, he acquired the house of a Jewish pharmacist. When the Gaufrauenschaftsleiterin of Mainfranken paid Passau a formal visit, with a delegation of activists, Margarethe Schneider-Reichel presented them with a painting of Hellmuth. Over most of his term, Hellmuth was not an impressive personality. Joseph Goebbels saw him as "a most retiring unassuming Gauleiter in whom one had not too much confidence." However, Hellmuth defended his Gau vigorously in the spring of 1945, as Goebbels noted in his diary on April 2. In 1947, Hellmuth was accused of complicity in the murders of Allied aircraft pilots. He was tried at Dachau and sentenced to death. This sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment. He was released in 1955. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Hellmuth